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Philosophy and Logic

Philosophy and Logic (falsafa wa al-manṭiq)

This is revised format and an alternate format of this page is available with pdf links to the works.


 

Number:                  [M:7; A:7; K:13089]

Title:                        {المنتخل في علم الجدل} al-Muntakhal fi al-jadal (the elect in Dialectics)

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Publication:           al-Muntakhal fī al-jadal / min taṣnīf Abī Ḥāmid al-Ghazzālī al-Shāfiʻī ; qaddama la-hu wa-ḥaqqaqahu wa-kharraja naṣṣahu ʻAlī ibn ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz ibn ʻAlī al-ʻUmayrīnī. Bayrūt : Dār al-Warrāq, 2004          .

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Number:                   [M:17; A:16; GAL, I, 425 (544, #56), S., I, 755]

Title:                   {مقاصد الفلاسفة} Maqasid al-falasifah (Aims of the Philosophers) Full title: Maqasid al-falasifah : fi al-mantiq wa-al-hikmah al-ilahiyah wa-al-hikmah al-tabi’iyah

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Number:             [M:16; A:17; GAL, I, 425 (544, #55), S., I, 754]

Title:                   {تهافت الفلاسفة} Tahafut al-Falasifa (Incoherence of philosophers) His most famous philosophical work.

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Number:             [M:18; A:18]

Title:                   {معيار العلم في فن المنطق} Miyar al-Ilm fi fan al-mantiq (Criterion of Knowledge in the Art of Logic) his work on logic

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Number:             [M:20; A:20]

Title:                   {محك النظر في المنطق} Mihak al-Nazar fil al-mantiq (Touchstone of Reasoning in logic)

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Publication:       Kitab mahak al-nazar fi al-mantiq; lil-Imam Abi Hamid al-Ghazzali al-Shafi’i; sahhaha Muhammad Badr al-Din Abi Firas al-Na’sani al-Halabi, wa-Mustafa´ al-Qabbani al-Dimashqi, al-Tab’ah 1. Misr : al-Matba’ah al-Adabiyah, [19–?]

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Number:             [GAL I 425 (544#54); M:26; A:27]

Title:                   Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah wa-lubāb al-ḥikmah al-īlāhīyah; and also al-Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah [Knowledge by intellect and the kernel of divine wisdom]

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Citation/Association:       Cited by Ibn Ṭufayal in the introduction to Ḥayy bin Yaqẓān [ see p. 114 in Beirut 1980 ed. Fārūq Sʿad; p.36, in Beirut 1993 ed. ʿAlī būMilḥim; p. 16 in Amman 1995 ed. ʿIṣām Fāris al-Ḥarstānī; and in English translation by L. E. Goodman (New York, 1972.) p. 102 where he translates the title as Modes of Awareness] where he discuses al-Ghazālī and the works that came to Andalusia.

Manuscript:       (1) Escurial No. 1130 (Badawi says this is the best manuscript of this work); (2) Oxford’s Bodlian Pocoke 263;  (3) Paris Arabic 1331; (4) Milan Abrosina A.64 vi originally from Yemen, written in 811/ (Badawi says this is worse of the previous set 1-4); (5) Algeria 939; (7) Iran, Mashhad 1:78 [248]; Uthman (Damascus, 1963) says he used the following mss: Aligrah, Lytton copied in 721/; Cairo, Timur library collection in dar al-kutub; Alexandria under another title, Risala fi al-farq bayna al-kalam wal-naṭaq wa-al-qawal, number 3024j. pp. 16-17.

Publication:      Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah wa-lubāb al-ḥikmah al-īlāhīyah al-Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah / li-Abī Ḥāmid al-Ghazzālī ; taḥqīq wa-taqdīm wa-taʻlīq ʻAlī Idrīs. Ṣafāqis, [Tunis] : al-Taʻāḍudīyah al-ʻUmmālīyah lil- Ṭibāʻah wa-al-Nashr, 1988. and in Madagascar : al-taʻāḍudīyah al-ʻummālīyah, 1988. Also under  Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah li Imām Abī Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī, edited by Abd al-Karim al-Uthman, Dar al-Fikr bi Dimashq, Damascus, 1963 (PDF)

Translation:     Partial Spanish translation with an introduction, analysis and summary by Pr. Dario Cabanelas, O.F.M.  had a study of al-Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah (Un opusculo inedito de Alagel: El “Libro de las intuiciones intelectuales” ) published in Al-Andalus journal vol. XXI,1 (1956) pp. 19-58.

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Studies:                    Partial Spanish translation with an introduction, analysis and summary by Pr. Dario Cabanelas, O.F.M.  had a study of al-Maʻārif al-ʻaqlīyah (Un opusculo inedito de Alagel: El “Libro de las intuiciones intelectuales” ) published in Al-Andalus journal vol. XXI,1 (1956) pp. 19-58.

 


 

Number:             [M:39; A:39; K:12214, 13243]

Title:                   {المضون به على غير اهله} al-Madnun bihi ala ghir ahlihi (the hidden [knowledge] from the masses):

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Publication:       published in majmu’at Rasil al-imam al-Ghazali.

Translation:     On the Soul

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Studies:              According to Ibn al-Salah as cited by al-Subki: “the book al-madnun that is attributed to him [Ghazali] God forbid! this book should be his and I saw on the back of a copy in the hand of al-Qadi Kamal al-din Muhammad b. ‘Abdullah b. al-Qasem al-Shahrazuri that is fabricated and attributed to al-Ghazali and is created from Maqasid al-falasifa that he refuted in Tahafut al-falasifa…” See Badawi p. 545.   Abu Bakr Muhammad b. ‘Abdallah al-Malaqi (d. 750h) wrote a rebuttal. See Vol. 1, p.60 (Beirut: 2002). Ibn Rushd and Ibn Taymiyah do attribute the book to him. The extant Manuscripts however are varied. One of which is an extract from Maqasid al-falasifa which might explain why Ibn Taymiyah said it looks his writing. Prof. N. Pourjavady had discovered a manuscript used at the Maragha Seminary during the 12th and 13th centuries. It contains a version of the text al-Madnun bihi ala ghayri ahlihi and attributed it to al-Ghazali. -This text is equivalent to an extract of al-Ghazali’s Aims of the philosophers Maqasid al-Falasifa


 

Number:             [M:42; A:42; GAL, S., I, 749, no 28]

Title:                   { القسطاس المستقيم} al-Qistas al-mustaqim (The Correct Balance)

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Publication:       al-Qistas al-mustaqim edited by M. Bejou, (improved edition). And also edited by V. Chalhout 2nd edition. in Arabic (Note: Qur’anic text not verified according to the Uthmani text)

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Studies:              A study of this book was done by A. Neuwirth KleinKnecht. (Eine Ableitung Der Logik Aus Dem Koran)


 

Number:            [M:76; A:76; GAL, I, 426 no 64a & 64g, S., I, 751]

Title:                   {معارج القدس في مدارج معرفة النفس} Maarij al-Qudus fi madarij marifat al-Nafs (Ascent to the Divine through the path of self-knowledge)

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Publication:       Ma’arij al-Qudus fi madarij ma’rifat al-Nafs an old printed edition from Cairo.

Translation:     English translation with an introduction, analysis and summary by Yusuf Easa Shammas, “Al-Ghazali’s ascent to the Divine through the path of self-knowledge” (Ph.D. diss., Hartford Seminary, 1958)

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Studies:                    Reasons why Maarij al-Qudus is not by al-Ghazali by Mashhad al-Allaf.