Ghazali Website

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Main: Research Topics: Miscellaneous

  1. Toleration and exclusion: al-Shafi‘i and al-Ghazali on the treatment of apostates By: FRANK GRIFFEL. (PDF) courtesy of the author.

  2. Educational thought of al-Ghazali. By N. Nofal - available in French. (PDF link) from UNESCO.
  3. Awham hawal al-Ghazali (Misconceptions surrounding al-Ghazali) By A. Badawi. (Arabic PDF.)  (File size: 427 kb). 
  4. Studies in Al-Ghazali by H. Lazarus-Yafeh (1975) Jerusalem: The Magnes Press.
  5. An analysis of Faysal al-Tafriqah in Arabic (PDF.) (File size: 2400kb) (Warning: Big file!)  
  6. Imam Ghazali on Leadership Ethics, by Sajjad Chowdhry (link)
  7. MA Dissertation: Al-Ghazali & the Contemporary Age By: P. Greenland. (link) He also has a Ghazali web site with many more documents and links. 
  8. Al-Ghazzali's Natural Philosophy (Book review) (link)
  9. Al-Ghazali & the Robbers: A story for children. (link)
  10. The mind and heart of al-Ghazali. By A. Crow. Published in a New Striat Times I believe (courtesy of the author!)
  11. Typical Anti Ghazali opinions (Arabic link) from a Salafi discussion group.
  13. Nazarat fi fikar Al-Ghazali (Reflections on Al-Ghazali's Thought) By A. Najaar. Arabic (E-text) (PDF) (File size: 9500Kb) (Warning: Big file!)  
  14. Al-Ghazali Theory of Islamic Government. L. Binder Muslim World 45(1955) pp. 229 -41 (PDF). 
  15. Mohamad Al-Ghazali. D. M. Donaldson Muslim World 11(1921) pp. 377 -88 (PDF). 
  16. A Visit to the Grave of Al-Ghazali. D. M. Donaldson Muslim World 8(1918) pp. 137 -40 (PDF). 
  17. Ghazali's Theological thought. Nakamura (PDF). 
  18. The relationship between Averroes and al-Ghazali: As it presents itself in Averroes' Early writings, especially in his commentary on al-Ghazali's al-Mustasfa. By Prof. Frank Griffel, in Medieval Philosophy and the Classical Tradition In Islam, Judaism and Christianity Edited by John Inglis, Curzon Press Richmond, Surrey UK (ISBN: 0-7007-1469-3) Pp 51-63.This paper presents new research based on newly found manuscript (al-Da'ruri fi Isul al-Fiqh) by Averroes. An analysis of which presents quite a different picture then is traditionally thought of (namely Ibn Rushd's hostility towards al-Ghazali)courtesy of the author. (PDF)
  19. "Place of the Religious Commandments in the Philosophy of Al-Ghazali." H. Lazarus-Yafeh Muslim World 51(1961) pp. 173 -84(PDF) 
  20. "Ghazali and demonstrative Science." M. Marmura. Journal of the History of Philosophy 3(1965) pp.184-204. (../articles/marmura.pdf)  (File size: 1062kb). 
  21. Ghazali's attitude to the secular Science and Logic. M. Marmura  (../articles/marmura5.pdf) (File size: 607Kb)  
  22. Ghazali's Argument from Creation (I). IJMES 2(1971):67-85.  L. E. Goodman (PDF) 
  23. Ghazali's Argument from Creation (II). IJMES 2(1971):168-88. L. E. Goodman (PDF) 
  24. "The Logical Role of the Argument from Time in the Tahafut's Proof for the World's Pre-eternity." Muslim World 49(1959) pp. 306 -14. M. Marmura (../articles/mar-log-taf.pdf) 
  25. Text on Two Renewers of Faith al-Ghazali and Razi. (??? ????) A preview of the books   contents and Introduction by Prof. N. Pourjavady. (Persian -PDF)
    • Sample Article 1: On the primordial Covenant: Ahd-e alast (Persian -PDF)  
    • Sample Article 2: The Maraghah manuscript: Athar "Madnun" Ghazzali (Persian -PDF)  
    • Please note that this latest research is published in English Encyclopedia Iranica (EIR). (PDF) It is already online but currently EIR is still editing that article for production.
  26. Al-Ghazali and the Sunna. J. Robson Muslim World () pp. 324 -333. (PDF) 
  27. On al-Ghazali Islam: a Short History, K. Armstrong (2000). (book info
  28. The Scholastic Method in Medieval Education: An Inquiry into Its Origins in Law and Theology. George Makdisi, Speculum, Vol. 49, No. 4. (Oct., 1974), pp. 640-661. (PDF)
  29. Ghazali on the Ethics of Action. George F. Hourani, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 96, No. 1. (Jan. - Mar., 1976), pp. 69-88. (PDF)
  30. The Theologian’s Doubts: Natural Philosophy and the Skeptical Games of Ghazali. Leor Halevi. Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 63 (2002), No. 1:pp 19-40  (PDF).
  31. The Economic Thought of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and St. Thomas Aquinas: Some Comparative Parallels and Links. S. M. Ghazanfar, History of Political Economy, 32:4 2000. (PDF)
  32. Al-Ghazali and ilm al-Hadith by al-mahdali (Arabic PDF) courtesy of KG
  33. On the Burning of the Ihya' courtesy of KG:
    1. article 1: Ghrab, Sa'd, Hawla ihraq al-murabitin li-ihya al-Ghazali, [On the burning of al-Ghazali's Ihya' by al-Murabits] in Actas del IV Coloquio Hispano-Tunecino (Palmade Mallorca, 1979), Madrid, 1983. pp. 133-63. (Arabic PDF)
    2. Article 2:Badrawi, Muhammad al-Ya'qubi, Ihra'q kitab "al-Ihya" fi al-gharb al-Islami [The burning of "Ihya'" Book in the Islamic West], al-Minhal, vol.1 1977, pp. 312-322. (Arabic PDF)
  34. Al-Ghazali and Islamic West (al-maghrib) courtesy of KG:
    1. Goldziher's introduction to al-Mahdi ibn Tumart's book. (PDF) Algiers, 1903.
    2. M. Asin Palacios article on al-Ghazali and the Sicilian scholar. (PDF) Palermo, 1910.

Stuff that I missed but reminded of (Courtesy of M. Rustom)

1. "Abu Hamid al-Ghazali's Esoteric Exegesis of the Qur'an" by Nicholas Heer, to be found in "The Heritage of Sufism" vol. 1, edited by Lewisohn.

2. Corbin, Henry. “Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad.” The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Vol. 3. Ed. Paul Edwards, New York, 1967, pp. 326-8.

3. Fück, Johann. “Die Bekehrung al-Gazalis” in Vortage uber den Islam. Ed. Sebastian Güenther. Halle, 1999, pp. 128-40.


5. Aminrazavi, Mehdi. "Al-ghazali." in Great thinkers of the eastern world.

6. Ceylan, Yasin. "Al ghazali between philosophy and sufism." (American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, vol. 12, no. iv, pp. 584-589, 1995

7. Jay, Ahmad Mohammad. "Al-ghazzali et son influence sur le soufisme."Islam Today / L'Islam Aujourd'hui / Al-Islam al-Yawm, no. 4, pp. 162-170, 1986. Also in English

9. Zaroug, Abdullahi Hassan. "Al-ghazali's Sufism: A critical appraisal." Intellectual Discourse, vol. 5, no. ii, pp. 145-167, 1997

10. Carol Hillenbrand, "Al-Ghazali on beauty", Festschrift Professor Annemarie Schimmel, ed. J.C. Bürgel, Peter Lang Verlag, Bern, 1994, pp. 249-265.

11. Al-Ghazali's supreme way to know God. Benyamin Abrahamov, B. in Studia Islamica, no. 77, pp. 141-168, 1993

12. Al-Ghazali (Algazel) (Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al Ghazali) (1058-1111). by Marmura in Medieval Philosophers (Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 115)

13. Al-Ghazali's idea of death and his classification of men in the world-to-come. Aydn, M. S. in Ankara Ueniversitesi .lahiyat Fakueltesi Dergisi, no.26, pp. 223-240, 1983.

14. Aspects of al-Ghazali's conception of Islamic piety. Abul Quasem, Muhammad, Islamic Culture, no. 56, pp. 135-148, 1982

15. Moral deliberation in Al-Ghazali's Iya' ulum al-din. Heer, N. L., Islamic philosophy and mysticism. Ed. Parviz Morewedge. Delmar: Caravan, 1981, pp. 163-176

16. The spiritual biography of Al-Ghazali. Sharma, Arvind, Studies in Islam, no. 9, pp. 65-85, 1972

17. Satan dans l'Ihia' d'Al-Ghazali .Kably, Mohammed, Hesperis-Tamuda, no. 6, pp. 5-37, 1965

18. Al-Ghazali on the practice of the presence of God. Smith, M., Moslem World, no. 23, pp. 16-23, 1933

19. Al-Ghazali as Sufi. Gardener, W. R. W., Moslem World, no. 7, pp. 131-143, 1917

20. Al-Ghazali in defence of Sufistic interpretation of the Qur'an. Abul Quasem, Muh., Islamic Culture, no. 53, pp. 63-86, 1979

21. Schimmel's Mystical Dimensions of Islam has a very important section on this.

more miscellaneous articles...


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