Ma‘arij al-Qudus fi Madarij M’arifat al-Nafs
I thinks that the book so called: Ma‘arij al-Qudus fi Madarij M’arifat al-Nafs, was not written by Imam al-Ghazali and was falsely attributed to him. (A special thanks to Muhammad Hozien who translated this portion with the author’s permission. Also for his great effort to facilitate knowledge to students and scholars through his website)
I think that the book called Ma‘arij al-Qudus fi Madarij M’arifat al-Nafs, is a book that is falsely attributed to al-Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali. My conclusion is based first on the studying the history of the manuscripts of al-Ghazali’s books and that of Ma‘arij al-Qudus. Second by analyzing the works of the specialized scholars who classified al-Ghazali’s book. Third by comparing the internal contents of Ma‘arij al-Qudusfi with al-Ghazali’s writing and his style and semantics. The book so called Ma‘arij al-Qudus fi Madarij M’arifat al-Nafs was not written by al-Ghazali and was with no doubt falsely attributed to him. The following details show how the book Ma‘arij al-Qudus was one of the books that was falsely attributed to Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali:
Additional information from Badawi, pp. 244-248:
According to the book’s editor/printer (Badawi, p. 244) Muhyi al-din Sabri al-Kurdi that he utilized two manuscripts the first one is dated 15 Rajab, 1066 and another dated 923 and was reviewed in 1345.
According to Badawi he mentions the following Mss for this book:
These are different than the one’s mentioned by al-Kurdi.
The 630 falsafa in dar al-kutb al-misrya (National Egyptian Archives) was copied by Muhammad Baqir ibn khadma’li in 1176 in 74 folios aprox 20 lines per page written in an are 6.4 X 12.2 cm with numerous corrections in the margins in a different hand. (Badawi p. 246)
However the Baghdad Mss is in better shape as it was written by a better copyist. It begins the same as the work above however it ends differently where it mentions Mi’ayar al-ilm and Mizan al-‘amal. It is part of a Mujmua’ work includes an epistle on states of the soul, Ma‘arij al-Qudus, mi‘yar al-‘ilm, mahik al-Nazar. Copied in 887. (Badawi, p. 247-8
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